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References and Resources

Sector Reports

Equality Challenge Unit. 2008. Ethnicity, gender and degree attainment: final report.

National Union of Students. 2011. Race for Equality.

Equality Challenge Unit. 2011. Improving the degree attainment of black and minority ethnic students.

Higher Education Funding Council of England. 2015. Differences in degree outcomes.

Higher Education Academy. 2017. What Works? Student Retention and Success

Higher Education Funding Council of England. 2017. Changing Mindsets: Reducing stereotype threat and implicit bias as barriers to student success

National Union Of Students. 2017. HE Black Attainment Research briefing


Articles and Literature

University of Sheffield - BME Attainment Gap: literature review

The Nation - How Black Lives Matter Is Changing British Universities

Higher Education Funding Council - Addressing the BME attainment gap through strategic approaches

University of Greenwich - Improving the degree attainment of BME students

University College London - BME Attainment Project: supporting student success

Kingston University -  Project secures £500k from Government to expand successful approach to tackling BME attainment gap

SOAS - Degrees of Racism: Attainment Gap report Summary, Students Union Project


The Guardian:

Times Higher Education:


National Union of Students -  #LiberateMyDegree

National Union of Students – Why is My Curriculum White?

Further Information

Equality Challenge Unit - Degree attainment gaps.

Office for Fair Access - OFFA Topic briefing: BME students.

Alterline, University Futures: Black student attainment gap

Equality Challenge Unit - Improving the degree attainment of black and minority ethnic students